Justin Erenkrantz co-ordinated a new release of Apache 2.0 this
week, 2.0.32, after going through a test cycle on the server at
apache.org. The release has been dubbed alpha quality whilst
more developers test the code; already several votes have arrived that
this should become a new 2.0 beta.
Anyone visiting the Apache documentation site recently may have
been surprised to find they were presented with a non-English language
version of some pages. The Apache documentation has been translated
into many different languages; the combination of the
mod_negotiation module and a properly configured web
browser will allow a user's preferred translation of a page to be
automatically served according to their browser settings. A bug in
2.0's mod_negotiation meant that some browsers which
had no language preferences configured would be served a seemingly
random translation of some pages. This was fixed in the 2.0.32
A couple of problems with the new mod_proxy code
included in the Apache 1.3.23 release have emerged and been fixed by
Graham Leggett; the handling of responses with several headers of the
same name being a particular issue for many proxy users since sites
headers to browsers.
The Apache conference committee have good news!
Software Foundation has completed
the search for a conference management company for the ApacheCon
shows, and we are getting back on track right now. More information
will be forthcoming, but here's a quick point that may be of interest;
registration for the next ApacheCon will be well under US$1,000!
We need some feedback from you: If we hold the next ApacheCon at the
beginning of August 2002, in Las Vegas, Nevada, do you think you'll
We're asking because we're looking at the first full week of August,
which would allow us to have ApacheCon right after the BlackHat and
Def Con computer security conferences, also in Las Vegas around the same
time. However, the USENIX Security conference in San Francisco is
also happening then, the O'Reilly open-source convention is in San
Diego in July, and LinuxWorld is in San Francisco in the middle of
August. No matter where you look, the event schedule is crowded.
So, with all those conferences so close together, would you come
to ApacheCon? We don't want to pick a date and venue and then
not have enough people able to attend!
Please let us know by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
This issue marks the sixth anniversary of Apache Week.
was published on 9th February 1996, although it was
only available on the Web until we started an email
subscription option with issue 6.
When issue one was published, Apache version 1.0.0 had been
out for just over a month. The current stable version was
According to Netcraft,
Apache became the most widely used server in the April 1996
survey, reported in issue 9.
Today Apache-based servers are on use on over 60% of the
world's Internet sites.
The Apache 1.2 beta cycle started in
December 1996 with 1.2b1 and continued until Apache 1.2
was released in June 1997 (issue
68). The 1.3 beta cycle started in October 1997
and continued until Apache 1.3.0 was released in June
1998 (issue 118)
Whilst 1.3.0 was highly stable on Unix systems, it
was much less developed on Windows.
In August 1998 the Netcraft Server Survey showed for the
first time that Apache was in use on more than half the
world's internet servers, and Ralf Engelschall released the
first version of the popular mod_ssl module. In
October the first official Apache conference, ApacheCon 98,
was held in San Fransisco and was a huge sucess drawing
nearly 500 registrations (issue 134)
Three more Apache conferences have been
held since then, with the most recent
in Santa Clara
giving attendees a unique opportunity to talk to the people
behind the software.
Towards the end of 1998, Apache was recognised by Microsoft
as a real and credible threat to their business in their
leaked memos (issue 137).
A few years later this was proven when the Garner Group
suggested all IIS users switch to something more secure, like Apache.
In July 1999 (issue 165)
the Apache Software Foundation was formed with the
aim to provide a legal framework for Apache and related
open-source projects such as the Jakarta and XML projects.
Apache 1.3 remains the stable branch of the Apache software,
now at 1.3.23 (released 24th January 2002). Although the new
releases are designed mostly for bug fixes there have been a
significant number of new features added in the last year and
some important security
The Apache group have been working on Apache 2.0 for a long
time, with initial plans reported in February 1998
In September 1999 (issue 173)
we published an Apache 2.0 preview and stated that a
beta version should be available in late 1999 or early 2000,
although it was to take until April of 2001 before the first
beta was released.
Apache Week launched an
information center to co-incide with the first beta release.
A full release of Apache 2.0 is expected later in 2002.
Apache Week will continue to bring you the latest news about
Apache and its development, as it happens. We will also
monitor how Apache is being reported in the news, and where
appropriate respond with corrections or clarifications.
In this section we highlight some of the articles on the web that are of
interest to Apache users.
It is back to the basics this week as this
kicks off a new series based on the Apache Web server. A nice refresher
piece which talks about what makes Apache special and shows us how to
install, configure, start Apache, and rotate its log files.
Stefano Mazzocchi, the creator of Cocoon looks back on its birth in 1998
and then proceeds to
introduce Cocoon 2.0,
the second generation. Apache Cocoon is an XML publishing framework
designed around pipelined SAX processing for building dynamic XML server
"Using objects to create an application"
is a PHP tutorial that attempts to teach important software engineering
and design concepts that are applicable across a wide range of
programming languages. You need to have some knowledge of PHP MySQL
functions, and PHP's OO syntax before you read this.